Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
the following is adapted from information presented by the British Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP), the governing body for CBT in the UK, on their website. For more information, please click here: babcp
Cognitive and behavioural psychotherapies are a range of therapies based on concepts and principles derived from psychological models of human emotion and behaviour.
Theoretical Perspective and Terminology
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) derives from cognitive and behavioural psychological models of human behaviour that include, for instance, theories of normal and abnormal development, emotion and psychopathology.
Behaviour therapy, the earliest of the cognitive and behavioural psychotherapies, is based on the clinical application of extensively researched theories of behaviour, such as learning theory (in which the role of classical and operant conditioning are seen as primary). Early behavioural approaches did not directly investigate the role of cognition and cognitive processes in the development or maintenance of emotional disorders. Cognitive therapy is based on the clinical application of the more recent but now also extensive research into the prominent role of cognitions (thoughts or beliefs) in the development of emotional disorders.
The term ‘Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy’ (CBT) is variously used to refer to behaviour therapy, cognitive therapy, and to therapy based on the pragmatic combination of principles of behavioural and cognitive theories.
What is CBT?
Cognitive and/or behavioural psychotherapies (CBP) are psychological approaches based on scientific principles and which research has shown to be effective for a wide range of problems. Clients and therapists work together, once a therapeutic alliance has been formed, to identify and understand problems in terms of the relationship between thoughts, feelings and behaviour. The approach usually focuses on difficulties in the here and now, and relies on the therapist and client developing a shared view of the individual’s problem. This then leads to identification of personalised, usually time-limited therapy goals and strategies which are continually monitored and evaluated.
The treatments are inherently empowering in nature, the outcome being to focus on specific psychological and practical skills (e.g. in reflecting on and exploring the meaning attributed to events and situations and re-evaluation of those meanings) aimed at enabling the client to tackle their problems by harnessing their own resources.
The acquisition and utilisation of such skills is seen as the main goal, and the active component in promoting change with an emphasis on putting what has been learned into practice between sessions (“homework”). Thus the overall aim is for the individual to attribute improvement in their problems to their own efforts, in collaboration with the psychotherapist.
Cognitive and/or behavioural psychotherapists work with individuals, families and groups. The approaches can be used to help anyone irrespective of ability, culture, race, gender or sexual preference. Cognitive and/or behavioural psychotherapies can be used on their own or in conjunction with medication, depending on the severity or nature of each client’s problem.
Clerkin Psychology Services Ltd has access to a number of experienced clinical psychologists and CBT therapists who can help you tackle the difficulties you or a loved one may be experiencing currently. Contact us by email , call 01244 677010 or click on the Call Dr Clerkin link on the left to arrange a free telephone consultation to discuss your situation in stictest confidence. If you then wish to proceed with therapy, your therapist will make arrangements with you to take this further.